IoT sensor resources to build new infrastructure “two-way last mile”

By micohuang

Since the Central Economic Conference in 2019 proposed to “accelerate the pace of 5G commercial use and strengthen the construction of new infrastructure such as artificial intelligence, industrial Internet, and the Internet of Things”, new infrastructure construction (referred to as “new infrastructure”) has become China’s most concerned hot spot in 2020 one of the vocabulary. On April 20, the National Development and Reform Commission clarified the scope of new infrastructure for the first time: first, information infrastructure, such as communication network infrastructure led by 5G, new technology infrastructure led by artificial intelligence, and computing power infrastructure led by data centers; The second is integrated infrastructure, such as intelligent transportation infrastructure; the third is innovation infrastructure, such as major technological infrastructure.

In the new infrastructure, sensor resources based on various sensing devices will also play a very important role. On the one hand, as the end extension of 5G, satellite, optical fiber and other communication facilities, through complementary advantages, the entire basic information capability is disassembled into massive discrete communication capabilities, which are distributed in urban living areas where humans gather and hard-to-reach places. Production operation area; on the other hand, sensor resources build a bridge between information infrastructure and fusion infrastructure, which is the link between the information infrastructure “extending the last mile up” and the fusion infrastructure “extending the last mile down”. Through the empowerment of information infrastructure, it supports the development of huge integrated applications in the vertical field.

Sensing end resources refer to smart light poles, charging piles, roadside units (Internet of Vehicles) and other new infrastructure terminal units with public service attributes. A large number of sensing equipment and tower resources are distributed in the traffic road network, underground pipe network, inside and outside the workshop, agricultural and animal husbandry operation areas, etc. according to the needs of application scenarios. Fishing and other application requirements are closely linked with the efficient communication network. In the process of promoting the new infrastructure work, the three-tier infrastructure and the sensor resources are closely coordinated and developed together. The co-construction and sharing strategy and collaborative space layout of communication entities, computing power entities, and sensor resources will become one of the research elements that cannot be ignored in the process of promoting new infrastructure.

Under the new infrastructure situation, localities will face more development opportunities. The promotion of new infrastructure needs to coordinate the collaborative sharing of various entities and sensor resources, relying on the scientific research capabilities of innovative infrastructure, coordinate and promote the way and means of empowering traditional industries with information infrastructure, enhance the value of integrated infrastructure, and stimulate economic growth. stable employment. To promote the development of new infrastructure, efforts should be made from the perspectives of carrying out top-level design, implementing co-construction and sharing, coordinating space planning, and conducting assessments in a timely manner, and proceed in a rapid and orderly manner from top to bottom.

Carrying out top-level design is the foundation of new infrastructure work.Closely grasp the strategic thinking of the national new infrastructure construction, closely follow the technical road signs and industrial development trends, and rationally deploy the top-level design and implementation route of the new infrastructure construction in combination with the local reality. The top-level design will be carried out around the three elements of providing capacity assurance for information infrastructure construction, enhancing the level of local technical research to empower innovation, and integrating development to drive the ecological construction of new infrastructure to further improve the informatization level of traditional infrastructure and promote the optimization and upgrading of the industrial structure.

Implementing co-construction and sharing is the principle of new infrastructure work.At present, the objects of co-construction and sharing are mainly communication base stations, but the construction of computing power entities requires cross-regional overall planning in combination with scenarios and business needs, and the sensor-side resource elements are extensive, diverse in form, and different in demand. The collaborative co-construction and sharing of communication entities, computing power entities, and sensor resources has become a new requirement under the new situation. On the basis of attaching importance to 5G site resources, further expand the co-construction and sharing work to computing power entities such as data centers and sensor resources such as tower resources, study the principles and ideas of co-construction and sharing under the new infrastructure situation, and greatly save investment, Reduce coordination costs.

Collaborative space planning is the top priority of new infrastructure work.Reasonably plan the construction scale and investment scale of the three types of elements: communication entities, computing power entities, and sensor resources. For key areas of new infrastructure such as 5G, industrial Internet, smart transportation, and smart energy, comprehensively deploy planning plans for key areas such as urban and rural areas, traffic roadside, and industrial parks based on network coverage needs, business development needs, and space resource needs. Combined with the principle of co-construction and sharing, coordinate the planning of the spatial layout of various physical resources, and promote the inclusion of the three types of resource element planning into special municipal planning.

Carry out closed-loop assessment to promote the ecological construction of new infrastructure.Facing the three-tier architecture of new infrastructure, the scale of construction (network, users, etc.) , service level, innovation elements (talents, institutions, patents, etc.), industrial development (subdivisions, technology, etc.), application integration (informatization level, application scenario richness, etc.) Board, feedback guidance through policies, and promote the construction of an open ecosystem for new infrastructure.

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